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Past Monthly Health Topics

Overweight & Obesity in Cooper County School Age Children
2009 - 2010

history of vitamin DDownload this article: Overweight & Obesity in Cooper County School Age Children

OVERVIEW

The Cooper County Public Health Center and the Cooper County School Nurses have formed a collaborative group call the School Health Coalition. We have been meeting for the past five years. Our primary objective is to address priority health issues that effect our communities -especially the health of our children.

Community Assessment

Public Health

National Institute of Child Health Data

NICH –Women, Infants & Children (WIC) Program Data

Childhood Overweight Rates

Body Mass Index -BMI

BMI Percentile

  • After BMI is calculated for children and teens, the BMI number is plotted on the CDC BMI-for-age growth charts (for either boys or girls) to obtain a percentile ranking
  • Percentiles are the most commonly used indicator to assess the size and growth patterns for children over the age of two.
  • Percentile indicates the relative position of the child’s BMI number among children of the same sex and age.

Why Consider Age & Sex of the Child?

  • The normal amount of body fat changes with the age of the child.
  • The normal amount of body fat differs between boys and girls.

BMI-for-age Weight Status Categories & Percentiles

Weight Status Category BMI PercentileRange
Under-Weight Less than 5th Percentile
Healthy Weight 5th to less than 85th Percentile
Over-Weight 85th to less than the 95th Percentile
Obese Equal to or greater than the 95th Percentile

BMI Charts

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Identifying the Extent of the Problem

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WHY SHOULD WE BE CONCERNED?

Earlier Onset of Co-Morbid Diseases

Conditions Related to Overweight During Childhood & Adolescence

Cardiovascular Diseases Metabolic Diseases Pulmonary Disease Psychological Disorders
Dyslipidemia Type2 Diabetes Sleep Apnea Depression
Hypertension Metabolic Syndrome Asthma (Exacerbation) Poor Quality of Life
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Retinopathy    
Atherosclerosis Neuropathy    

 

 

 

 

 

Metabolic Syndrome

Primary Cause of Metabolic Syndrome

  • Obesity leads to excess insulin production.
    • Excess insulin is associated with an increase in blood pressure and elevated cholesterol levels –which lead to inflammation and atherosclerosis that damages blood vessels and leads to CVD
    • Insulin Resistance (pre-diabetes) –leads to type 2 diabetes (pancreas is still producing insulin, but the transport proteins in the cells can’t use it to move circulating glucose from the bloodstream into the cell –hyperglycemia (High blood sugar)

Increased Left Ventricular Mass(Enlarged Heart)

WHY IS THIS EPIDEMIC HAPPENING?

GOALS OF PREVENTION

Prevention Strategies Implemented in Schools –Wellness Policies

School strategies alone are not enough to change overweight/obesity rates if there is not consistent lifestyle changes outside the school setting.

Behavior Modification

Good Nutrition & Physical Activity

What Can We Do As a Community?

Avoid Mixed Messages in Advertising

smart choices

COOPER COUNTY HEALTHY LIFESTYLE INITIATIVE

We have to decide as a community:

history of vitamin DDownload this article: Overweight & Obesity in Cooper County School Age Children